Asian Indian Demographics: Indian-American Population, State-wise
United States Census 2000 and 2010
People of Indian origin are close to making one percent of America's population of 308.7 million with their numbers shooting up by a whopping 69.37 percent over the last decade. Indians are now the largest Asian subgroup in 25 states in America, mainly in the South and Midwest, making them the main driver in population growth of Asian Americans, according to an analysis of US 2010 Census.
The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island metro area had 526,133 Indian Americans in 2010, about 18.5 percent of the nation's total of 2,843,391 with a dramatic increase in their numbers from 1,678,765 in 2000. While California had the most Indian American residents at 528,176, and New York was second at 313,620. Indians have a higher percentage as a ratio of a state's total population in New Jersey. There are now 292,256 Asian Indians in New Jersey, 3.3 percent of the state's total population. Indian Americans in New Jersey numbered just 169,180 in 2000, so their number has increased almost 73 percent.
The next states after the top three with the largest numbers of Indian Americans in 2010 were: Texas, 245,981; Illinois, 188,328, Florida, 128,735; Virginia, 103,916, Pennsylvania, 103,026; Georgia, 96,116; Maryland, 79,051; Massachusetts, 77,177; Michigan, 77,132; Ohio, 64,187; Washington, 61,124; and North Carolina, 57,400. Indian Americans are the largest Asian group in six of the 10 largest metro areas in the US. These with their national rankings by population size listed in brackets were: Chicago (3), Dallas (4), Philadelphia (5), Washington, D.C. (7) Miami (8) and Atlanta (9).
The Indian American population increased due to several factors, including the influx of a large number of professionals, particularly those coming on H-1Bs. India was also a leading source of foreign students from 2000-10. Many have stayed to continue their studies or to work in the country. Many others who immigrated to the US in the 1980s and 1990s have sponsored relatives under the family visas. Another factor is the growth of small businesses run by Indian Americans, particularly convenience stores, hotels and motels and in the health-related fields.
According to the 2010 U.S. Census, Indian Americans had the highest household income of all ethnic groups in the United States. Among Indian Americans, 72.3% participate in the U.S. work force, of which 57.7% are employed in managerial and professional specialties. In 2002, there were over 223,000 Asian Indian-owned firms in the U.S., employing more than 610,000 workers, and generating more than $88 billion in revenue. According to the American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin, there are close to 35,000 Indian American doctors. A joint Duke University – UC Berkeley study revealed that Indian immigrants have founded more engineering and technology companies from 1995 to 2005 than immigrants from the UK, China, Taiwan and Japan combined. A University of California, Berkeley, study reported that one-third of the engineers in Silicon Valley are of Indian descent, while 7% of valley hi-tech firms are led by Indian CEOs.
Indians, along with other Asians, have one of the highest educational levels of all ethnic groups in the U.S. Almost 67% of all Indians have a bachelor's or high degree (compared to 28% nationally and 44% average for all Asian American groups). Almost 40% of all Indians in the United States have a master’s, doctorate or other professional degree, which is five times the national average. Thomas Friedman, in his recent book, The World is Flat, explains this trend in terms of brain drain, whereby the best and brightest elements in India emigrate to the U.S. in order to seek better financial opportunities.
Indian-American Population/Voters, State-wise
California is the state where large numbers of Indian Americans live and vote. After California, New York and New Jersey emerge as the second and third state where population is growing and the community has attained political clout: during heavily contested Democratic or Republican primaries, Indian Americans often emerge swing voters. The next states where Indian Americans are active voters are: Texas, Illinois, Florida, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Ohio, Washington, and North Carolina.